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We remember the founder of our cultural and national being Havriil Kostelnyk who, based on heritage and national speech, created Rusyn literary language, the golden key for the road of Rusyn descendents to the future. Far away from his native region, until his tragic death, he held in his heart as well as in his work, his loving Bacska, his people, Ruski Krstur.

"There is no such village in Yugoslavia that would, like Krstur did, spread its children throughout closer and farther foreign countries, and that created and raised one special nation which is capable of keeping its dispersed children so close to it" - wrote Kostelnyk in his annals of native village.

Djura Papharhaji

 

RUSKI KRSTUR

THE YUGOSLAV RUSYNS HOME

 

RUSKI KRSTUR makes the largest concentration of Rusyns (Ruthenians) in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is situaed on a flat, favourable for agriculture, area in the south of the Panonian Plain, between the Danube and Tisa rivers. Ruski Krstur derives its name from its inhabitans, people known as Ruthenians (Rusyns), who began settling there since 1745. Today the town's population numbers about 6000. Ruski Krstur is a rural center full of greenery. The townn has been completely modernized with approximately 30 kilometers of paved asphalt streets, a water conduit, and telephone network.

 

CULTURAL LIFE

There is a modern elementary school of Petro Kuzmjak which was founded in 1753. Since that time the language of instruction has always been Ruthenian. The school has today about 500 pupils. Ruski Krstur has his own high school (gymnasium) that is the only one in the Ruthenian language. Adjacent to the school is a recently built dormitory. Ruski Krstur has a kindergarten, health station, old people's home and veterinary station.
Besides education, Ruski Krstur has a long tradition as a Ruthenian cultural center, whether in music, flklore, or drama. The organizer of cultural life is the House of Culture (Dom kultury) and the Dyadya Ruthenian People's Theater. A rich library, museum, gallery and church archieve play a significant role in cultural life. The largest cultural Ruthenian events are: The Red Rose (Chervena Ruzha) festival of culture in June and the Petar Riznich Dyadya drama memorial festival in April.
The Ruthenian Matka Society (Ruska Matka), a social organization with its goal and tasks to protect the Ruthenian identity in Yugoslavia was founded in Ruski Krstur in 1990.
The town's religious life is embodied in its Greek Catholic (Uniate) church, built in 1784. The church's artistically valuable iconostasis (icon screen) has been declared a cultural monument protected by state law. Bishops Dioniziy Nyaradi and Havriyil Bukatko have been buried in it. There is also a convent and nearby, the Vodica church. The latter is focal point for processions and other celebrations connected with the bilief that the Mother of God appeared in 1860 on the spot where the sancturay now stands.
Sport has a long tradition in Ruski Krstur. The Rusyn football club was formed in 1923. It has originated the Rusin sport association with several clubs in different sports (footbal, handball, basketball and others).

 

ECONOMIC LIFE

A print shop was established in Ruski Krstur in 1936. For many years it was the only place where Ruthenian newspapers and books were printed in Yugoslavia. Today the printing plant is a public enterprice with over 100 employees. The plant has been being modernized all the time.
Ruski Krstur also has a long tradition of others services and crafts. Among those that are most highly developed are: wood and stone carving, furniture production, car repairing, truck transport, trade, restaurant menagement, meat treatment, food catering, civil engineering itc.
But it is agriculture and realted products that have always been and which remainat the heart of Ruski Krstur's economic life. Because of growth of population and the fixed areas of cultivable land (about 6500 hectares), Ruski Krstur has always had more people than could be supported by traditional agriculture. On the one hand, it has made Ruthenians move to other places in which they live nowadays: Shid, Berkasovo, Bachinci, Bikich Dol, Miklushevci, Petrovci, Pishkurevci, Dyurdyevo, Gospodyinci, Nove Orahovo, and Novi Sad. On the other hand it has made the inhabitants of Rusi Krstur find more intensive ways of exploiting the land.Alongside wheat and corn, sugar beets, paprika, cucumber and other vegetables are raised.
In Ruski Krstur after 1945, cooperatives were formed. At first there were several cooperatives and small enterprises until in 1970 the agro-industrial cooperative enterprise Prvi Maj was formed. The unit concerned with the enterprise's own agricultural production controls about 1000 hectares of land. The main crops are wheat, maize, sugar beets, sunflower, soy beans, sweet corn, peas, paprika...This unit's cattle farm inculudes 350 hectares of pasture with about 1000 head of cattle, mostly the Hereford breed for beef production. Another 100 hectares include a fish pond for the production primarily of carp. The ABC plant for vegetable processing has lines for sweet corn, peas, paprika, cauliflower and potato-like vegetables processing.

 

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POPULATION OF SOUTH
RUSYNS / RUTHENIANS


 

We can discuss about EIGHT
(8) populations of Rusyns
at the World


[ Ruthenian = Rusyn ]


One population lived on teritory of Galicia, under Polish rule. Most of this population took name "Ukrainians" to designate their national identity.

 

Population of Poland was waken up after fall of communism.

 

One of the populations lives in Trans-Carpathians, Ukraine. After fall of USR, this population became very active. They claim they belong to separate nation.

 

There is Ruthenian population in Hungary, too.

 

One of the populations is located on teritory of Eastern Slovakia. It is interesting that among all present and former Ruthenian population, it is the Eastern Slovak population that has the most similarities with populations in Yugoslavia and Croatia.

 

Pupulation of Yugoslavia consists of Ruthenians ( Rusnatsi as they call themselves ) of Vojvodina. They

managed to maintain their culture, even to enrich it with written word. They use Cyrillic alphabet.

 

Population of Croatia, similarly to Yugoslav Ruthenian fellows, cherishes literature. Although the latin alphbet is used in Croatia, they write using Cyrillic letters.

 

American population of Crpatho - Ruthens that have emmigrated from Europe to Canada and USA. This population is represented by Carpatho - Rusyn society.

 

 

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