Make your own free website on Tripod.com

eo e:
7. Aͪ ͯA ͯ

 

IVA
K ME E OTMA
8.
ͪ  E 

E TEȥEȯ (I)

 

           T:

AT T

 

a   a a aa. ˺ a a a a , , a aa , a a a a a   aa.

a, , a. a aaa aa, a aa, a a, aa a aa , a aa a a a, aa, a a a, aa, ,   a . aa a a aa a a. a K a aa a aa, a a a aa a aa, a a a a. A 1777. a a a a a a a.

  , a aa a a. aa aaa a, a a, aaa, aaa a a a a , a aa a , , a a, a a a a a. a a a, a a a a e.

 , a a a aaa a, a eaa a a a a a, a a , a a   a a a a a . , aa a a a a a a a a a a a a. a "a" a a, a a   ,  a a aa.

 

 

e e eee,
ee 1913. , e e e
ee e  

 

"a a VIII aa a , a a a a a , a aa a ,  a a a a a, aaa aa : , ,  , . a aa a aa a a a a a , a ",   "a " a aaa.

a a, a  a a. a a, (17531818) aa  a, (1790 1844), a, a a a a a a aa aa (aa a, a ), a a a , a a , (1843 1894) aa , a () a. a , , a a a 1845. , a aa a a, A a, 18261918) , (17971873) a, aa a aa, (17981871) a a. (18261900). a a a : , (18251881), a a, (18461902), a , (18491899), aa a, (18571925), a a, (18591920), a , (18591930), a , (18601914), a, aa, A , (18621920), A a, a, (18661920), a , (18741936), a a, (18771950), a , (18861948)  a a : a a, (18601909), a, (18751919), a, (18611899) a (18661949),  a a: a (18701930) .
 


e ˿ eee 1904.

 

a a e , a a , a   a , a a, , aa, o a a. a a "aa " a aa a aa a a a aa . T a a a ,   a a a aa a , a a  aa a a   , : , aa aa, a aa, oo a (18931969), a aa a (189369), a (18991980),  a aa (19021987), a a Aa , a (18611927) a, aa a,   (19081929), (18871984) , , . a a, , a , Aa (18921979), a a . a, Aa, . a a a , a aa aaa, a, a a a . a aa aaa a . a (18811949) , a (19081993), aa a a aaa aaa, (19101979), a, , (1924), a a, , a ͺ    a (1927), aa a , aa  a aa aa. a a a , a aa a . a a a a a a ". ". aaa a a a a a . a : a aaa, aaa, a a, , a (19001982), aaa, a , aa a, ,  a, aaa , aa aa, (1909) a, a , , a aa, , a a, , aa aa, a, Ta, a, a a, , o aa a, a , a  , a a a aa a  a a a a . "", aa a, a a , a a a a, a a. a a a a, a , a a aa.

 

 

e   eee 1937. e
e e e   ( )

 

a aa , a a a, a aa a a, aa aa a (A. a . , a) , a a aa a aa a a a a a a aa a. ͺaaa a a! aa, a . A aa, aa, a a aa aa, a  a 20 aa a   .

 "a a, a aa , aa aa - aa a . a a a a a, a aa a a a a aa a a. aa a a aa a, aa a a a a a a a x aa- a. a a a a a a . T: a a ( ), a a, a, a , Aa aa, a a, a , a ... a a a aa a a a a , a a a a a a a a a a aa", "a a ", . aa.

a , (18531934) a a, a "a" a a. T , a a a, a a . a . a aa a , a a a aa aa . a a , a.

a a aa, a, (18741940). "aa" a a a , a       a aa a, a a . , a a a "aa"  a aa a   aa .  T a, a a , a a a a a a, a a , a a a a , a, a a,  a a a aa.
1927. a . 100 a   a 60. "T , a a , a a a a : , aa, , a, , , a, a...     a . a , a 10 a -a!", a a  . aa  a , ". a a a (1919. 1929.), aa a 1930. .

 

 

ee
e 3. 1927.

 


 

a a 20.000 , a . A 100 aa , a, . aa a, a a a a a a, a a a aaa a a aa, a a a. Ta aaa a aa, a aa.

"a aa a a. A a? . a a a . a a a, a ? , . . . , , a . T a aa a a , a a. A aa? a a, a a a.  A a a, a ? a, a a aa aaa. ... a aa a, , a a a a.

A , a a a a, a aa a. T : , aa a, a . T a a a, a . A aa. A  a a a a   a , a a a a, a a a a", . aaa a 1930. .

1929. , aa a aa , "" 110 11 , 67 ( a aa ) 13 (a ) aa aa, a a .

AT T:
 
         T  
  
   .        

 

  .      

 .       
1. 1 1
2. 1
3.
4.
5. a 2
6.   2 9 3 3
7. 4   10     1
8. 1   8 1 1 1
9. 2 7
10. a 1 3
11.   2 7 2 2
12. 5 1
13. a a  2 2
14. . a 2
15.   1 7 3 3 1
 
11 67 19 5 8

 


a a. a, , a, a, . , aa a a, a, , Ta . , aa, a , , a a, a a, a, a a aa. a a "a ".

 

 

Tee e eee 1929.

 

a a , a a a a a a . a a (a) a a a . a a , a a .

a a a a aa , a aa a a, aa aa a.  a a . 1929. a   15 , a 10 70 , a 10 . a 1940/41.   200 .

  a, , , a 1 a 1941. .

:

. aa: , a; a a, a, aa a, a; aa , a; , aa; a a, aa, aa , ; T a, a.
. aa: a, a; a a, a; a, a; , a, a a, a, , .
. aa: a , a; , a; aa , ; a a, aa; a, ; , ; a, .
V. aa:aa , ; a a, a.
V. aa: a, . a, a , a; a a: a  a, . a,
VI. aa: , a; aa a, aa; aa , aa.
VII. aa: a a, a; a , a; a a, . . . . ; A , . a a. .
VIII. aa: a, a; a , a; aa a V a. . .

:

. aa: a aa, a; a aa, a aa, aa, ,
. aa: aa, Aa, aa aa ; aa aa,  a a, aa aa . .
. aa: aa a, aa , a aa, a; a .
IV. aa: a a, a aa, . a; aaa, a, ; aa a, ; aa, a.
V. aa: a a, . a . a.
VI. aa: a a, . . . a, a a . . . a.
VII.aa a, . a,  T a . . . a; aaa,  aa a .
V. aa :  a, . a.

a :

Ta: a a, a.
a: a , a.
a: , a
V. aa . : , .

a a a: a aa , , a a , aaa aa . a a a (a), a a a, a a, a a. a a a a. T aa a a a a a ...  , a a a a a aa a a. . 1 1941. .

a a a, a a a aaa, aaa a a a. aa a a a, aa aa aa a , a a aa a aaa, a aa a a. a aa a a a   a a a a a a aa .

aa aa a a a a, a a   "" a a.

a a a aa   a a a, a a , , aa , a a a a a a a. Ta a a , a a, a a a a a . a , 1941/42. a a a, aa () a . a . aa a aa a , a aa a a a a a . T a a, a a a a a a 1941/42. 1942/43. 1943/44,   a 1944. a a a a a. a a a (, a ) 50 a. a a a 1943. . a a "aa a aa a aa a, a 1943, a 1942/43. ", a aa aa, a, a a , a a : ( a, a a.)

. a:         1. a               a ;
                      2. aa T                  ?

. a:      1. aa                        ;
                     2. a                     , aa, a;
                     3. a           ;
                     4. a aa                          ?
                     5.                          ?
                     6. a                      a;
                     7. a a                        a;
                     8. a a                         a
                     9. a T                   ;

V. a:     1.                            , aa
                     2. aa                      ;
                     3. a aa                     aa;

V. a:      1. a a                              ?
                     2. aa                     ;
                     3. a                     , aa, a;

V a:      1.                   a a

VII a:     1. a aa                             a ;

VIII a:    1. a aa                    

a a a    1943. 4 16 .
 
 

e e 1942.
e: 1. , 2. ,
 3. , 4. , 5. , 6. ee,
7. T, 8. -, 9. , 10. eee,
11. e 12. .
T  e e " e".

 

, a a :
           1. a a                       ?
           2. a a               ?
           3. a T               a
           4.                ;
           5. aa                   aa;
           6. a                  ?
           7.               
           8. a aa                  aa;
           9. a a                  ?
           10. a a                   ?
           11.                  ?
           12. a             ?
           13. a aa                ;
           14.            ?
           15.                 ?

  a a a " a ", a a "" a a.

a a a :
           1.             a,
           2. a a                      ?

a a a a a. a a . a a. Ta a a a, aa, a .
 
 
 

ee:
T
T e e 
:

ͪ E E TEȥEȯ
ee